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Transport-related measures to mitigate climate change in Basel, Switzerland : a health-effectiveness comparison study
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 3433423
Author(s) Perez, L.; Trüeb, S.; Cowie, H.; Keuken, M. P.; Mudu, P.; Ragettli, M. S.; Sarigiannis, D. A.; Tobollik, M.; Tuomisto, J.; Vienneau, D.; Sabel, C.; Künzli, N.
Author(s) at UniBasel Perez, Laura
Ragettli, Martina
Vienneau, Danielle
Künzli, Nino
Year 2015
Title Transport-related measures to mitigate climate change in Basel, Switzerland : a health-effectiveness comparison study
Journal Environment international
Volume 85
Pages / Article-Number 111-9
Abstract Local strategies to reduce green-house gases (GHG) imply changes of non-climatic exposure patterns.; To assess the health impacts of locally relevant transport-related climate change policies in Basel, Switzerland.; We modelled change in mortality and morbidity for the year 2020 based on several locally relevant transport scenarios including all decided transport policies up to 2020, additional realistic and hypothesized traffic reductions, as well as ambitious diffusion levels of electric cars. The scenarios were compared to the reference condition in 2010 assumed as status quo. The changes in non-climatic population exposure included ambient air pollution, physical activity, and noise. As secondary outcome, changes in Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) were put into perspective with predicted changes of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption.; Under the scenario that assumed a strict particle emissions standard in diesel cars and all planned transport measures, 3% of premature deaths could be prevented from projected PM2.5 exposure reduction. A traffic reduction scenario assuming more active trips provided only minor added health benefits for any of the changes in exposure considered. A hypothetical strong support to electric vehicles diffusion would have the largest health effectiveness given that the energy production in Basel comes from renewable sources.; The planned local transport related GHG emission reduction policies in Basel are sensible for mitigating climate change and improving public health. In this context, the most effective policy remains increasing zero-emission vehicles.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 0160-4120
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/42005/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.envint.2015.08.002
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26386464
ISI-Number WOS:000365363800013
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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