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Perspectives on Research Integrity in Science and Medicine - PRISM
Third-party funded project
Project title Perspectives on Research Integrity in Science and Medicine - PRISM
Principal Investigator(s) Shaw, David
Co-Investigator(s) Satalkar, Priya
Organisation / Research unit Ethik / Bio- und Medizinethik (Elger)
Project start 01.03.2016
Probable end 28.02.2017
Status Completed


The overarching aim of PRISM is to gather evidence regarding how to

harmonize effective conduct of research with both personal integrity and key

principles of research integrity. To do so, it will aim:

1. To explore researchers’ concepts of integrity and establish how their own

sense of integrity developed.

2. To assess researchers’ awareness of and beliefs regarding the ethical

requirements of the new legislation, SAAS guidance and institutional integrity

policies, and any tensions between personal integrity and these rules.

3. To assess researchers’ views on research integrity education at Swiss

research institutions.


Preliminary work

A systematic literature review of all relevant academic literature on research

integrity and personal integrity will be conducted to provide a strong

theoretical and empirical basis for the design of the study instruments.

Main study: Qualitative Interviews and focus groups

Interviews will be conducted with: junior and senior scientific and medical

researchers in academia and industry, in order to assess knowledge

concerning integrity and key attitudes. All interviews and focus groups will

include discussion of case studies of scientific misconduct (see below). A

total of 45 researchers will be interviewed, with the sample including junior

researchers (PhD students), mid-level researchers (postdocs) and team

leaders in both life sciences and medicine (see Table 1). This number of

interviews will be sufficient to enable identification of different attitudes to

integrity at different stages of career and key themes for content analysis.

Where possible, researchers of different ranks from the same team will be

interviewed. Post-doc and PhD-level researchers will be interviewed by two

PRISM postdocs (in English) and team leaders by the applicant.

Researchers will be recruited with the assistance of the Swiss Academy of

Medical Sciences (SAMW), the Swiss Clinical Trials Organisation (Swiss

CTO) and Life Sciences Switzerland (LS2). Junior and senior researchers will

be interviewed by experienced PRISM bioethics postdoctoral researchers

with backgrounds in the same discipline as participants (life sciences or

medicine), and team leaders will be interviewed by the principal investigator.

Because of the sensitivity of the topics, all participant identifiers will be

removed before publication. The data derived from the interviews and focus

groups will be transcribed immediately after the interviews to ensure accurate

data capture, and subjected to coding and thematic content analysis by all

three members of the team.

Financed by Foundations and Associations

Published results ()

  ID Autor(en) Titel ISSN / ISBN Erschienen in Art der Publikation
4486776  Satalkar , Priya; Shaw, David  Is failure to raise concerns about misconduct a breach of integrity? Researchers' reflections on reporting misconduct  0898-9621 ; 1545-5815  Accountability in Research  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
4514047  Shaw, David; Satalkar, Priya  Researchers’ interpretations of research integrity: A qualitative study    Accountability in Research  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 

Cooperations ()

  ID Kreditinhaber Kooperationspartner Institution Laufzeit - von Laufzeit - bis
3401485  Shaw, David; Elger, Bernice Simone  Perneger, Thomas, Professor  University of Geneva  03.01.2016  01.01.2021 

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