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Aerobic exercise, ball sports, dancing and weight lifting as moderators of the relationship between stress and depressive symptoms : an exploratory cross-sectional study with Swiss university students
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 3135000
Author(s) Gerber, Markus; Brand, Serge; Elliot, Catherine; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith; Pühse, Uwe
Author(s) at UniBasel Gerber, Markus
Pühse, Uwe
Brand, Serge
Year 2014
Title Aerobic exercise, ball sports, dancing and weight lifting as moderators of the relationship between stress and depressive symptoms : an exploratory cross-sectional study with Swiss university students
Journal Perceptual and Motor Skills
Volume 119
Number 3
Pages / Article-Number 679-97
Mesh terms Adult; Cross-Sectional Studies; Dancing, psychology, statistics & numerical data; Depression, complications, prevention & control, psychology; Exercise, psychology; Female; Humans; Male; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, statistics & numerical data; Severity of Illness Index; Sports, psychology, statistics & numerical data; Stress, Psychological, complications, psychology; Students; Surveys and Questionnaires; Switzerland; Weight Lifting, psychology, statistics & numerical data; Young Adult
Abstract This exploratory study was designed to compare four types of exercise activities in Swiss university students. A sample of 201 medical students (136 women, 65 men; M age = 23.2 yr., SD = 2.4) and 250 exercise and health sciences students (144 women, 106 men; M age = 22.3 yr., SD = 2.2) participated in the study. They completed the Perceived Stress Scale, the Depression Scale, and the Office in Motion Questionnaire. Interaction effects between stress and exercise activities were analysed using hierarchical regression analyses, after controlling for age, sex, and academic discipline. Frequent participation in ball sports and dancing were associated with decreased depressive symptoms among students with elevated perceived stress, whereas no such relationship existed among their peers with lower perceived stress. No stress-moderating effect was found for aerobic exercise. Weight lifting was only associated with lower depressive symptoms among students with low perceived stress. The present findings suggest that, among Swiss university students, certain exercises may have better potential to moderate the relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms than others. Future research could analyze whether personalized exercise programs created to satisfy participants' individual needs are more beneficial for stress management.
Publisher Sage
ISSN/ISBN 0031-5125 ; 1558-688X
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6390930
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.2466/06.PMS.119c26z4
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25350930
ISI-Number WOS:000348046800002
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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24/06/2024