Adult lung function and long-term air pollution exposure : ESCAPE : a multicentre cohort study and meta-analysis
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 2820459
Author(s) Adam, Martin; Schikowski, Tamara; Carsin, Anne Elie; Cai, Yutong; Jacquemin, Benedicte; Sanchez, Margaux; Vierkötter, Andrea; Marcon, Alessandro; Keidel, Dirk; Sugiri, Dorothee; Al Kanani, Zaina; Nadif, Rachel; Siroux, Valérie; Hardy, Rebecca; Kuh, Diana; Rochat, Thierry; Bridevaux, Pierre-Olivier; Eeftens, Marloes; Tsai, Ming-Yi; Villani, Simona; Phuleria, Harish Chandra; Birk, Matthias; Cyrys, Josef; Cirach, Marta; de Nazelle, Audrey; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.; Forsberg, Bertil; de Hoogh, Kees; Declerq, Christophe; Bono, Roberto; Piccioni, Pavilio; Quass, Ulrich; Heinrich, Joachim; Jarvis, Deborah; Pin, Isabelle; Beelen, Rob; Hoek, Gerard; Brunekreef, Bert; Schindler, Christian; Sunyer, Jordi; Krämer, Ursula; Kauffmann, Francine; Hansell, Anna L.; Künzli, Nino; Probst-Hensch, Nicole
Author(s) at UniBasel Adam, Martin
Schikowski, Tamara
Keidel, Dirk
Eeftens, Marloes
Tsai, Ming-Yi
Phuleria, Harish Chandra
de Hoogh, Kees
Schindler, Christian
Künzli, Nino
Probst Hensch, Nicole
Year 2015
Title Adult lung function and long-term air pollution exposure : ESCAPE : a multicentre cohort study and meta-analysis
Journal The European respiratory journal
Volume 45
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 38-50
Abstract The chronic impact of ambient air pollutants on lung function in adults is not fully understood. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution with lung function in adult participants from five cohorts in the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE). Residential exposure to nitrogen oxides (NO2, NOx) and particulate matter (PM) was modelled and traffic indicators were assessed in a standardised manner. The spirometric parameters forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) from 7613 subjects were considered as outcomes. Cohort-specific results were combined using meta-analysis. We did not observe an association of air pollution with longitudinal change in lung function, but we observed that a 10 μg·m(-3) increase in NO2 exposure was associated with lower levels of FEV1 (-14.0 mL, 95% CI -25.8 to -2.1) and FVC (-14.9 mL, 95% CI -28.7 to -1.1). An increase of 10 μg·m(-3) in PM10, but not other PM metrics (PM2.5, coarse fraction of PM, PM absorbance), was associated with a lower level of FEV1 (-44.6 mL, 95% CI -85.4 to -3.8) and FVC (-59.0 mL, 95% CI -112.3 to -5.6). The associations were particularly strong in obese persons. This study adds to the evidence for an adverse association of ambient air pollution with lung function in adults at very low levels in Europe.
Publisher Munksgaard
ISSN/ISBN 0903-1936
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6337702
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1183/09031936.00130014
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25193994
ISI-Number WOS:000348179800010
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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