Armut, Arbeit, Abenteuer : Sozialprofil und Motivationsstruktur von Schweizer Söldnern in der Moderne
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 2801109
Author(s) Huber, Peter; Koller, Christian
Author(s) at UniBasel Huber, Peter
Year 2015
Title Armut, Arbeit, Abenteuer : Sozialprofil und Motivationsstruktur von Schweizer Söldnern in der Moderne
Journal Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte
Volume 102
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 30-51
Keywords Poverty, Work, Adventure, Social Profil, Motivation Structure, Swiss Mercenaries
Abstract

Swiss mercenaries had been extremely famous in pre-modern Europe, yet in the mid-19th century, the young Swiss Confederation illegalised foreign military service. Nevertheless, a large number of Swiss men would serve in foreign mercenary armies during the 19th and 20th centuries. This article concentrates on this group’s social structure and their motivations. The overwhelming majority originated from the lowest strata of society. They had week family ties, were poorly educated and lacked any career perspectives. Most of them when entering foreign military service were in only temporary employment as unskilled workers or even unemployed. Foreign military service, especially in the French Foreign Legion, thus was to many of them a last resort, rather than the romantic adventure it was portrayed as in contemporary movies and novels. However, soldiers’ and ex-soldiers’ perceptions of this service varied considerably. Whilst some of them simply compared it to slavery, others emphasized career opportunities, either in the military hierarchy or in their post-mercenary lives through skills acquired during their military service.

Publisher Steiner
ISSN/ISBN 0340-8728
URL http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/fsv/vswg/2015/00000102/00000001/art00004?token=005119263894ef4af437a63736a6f3547744c76663c252c2a566f644a46543f266d3f4e4b34b2693d
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6329096
Full Text on edoc No
 
   

MCSS v5.8 PRO. 0.445 sec, queries - 0.000 sec ©Universität Basel  |  Impressum   |    
08/08/2020