Early detection of subjects at risk for vascular remodelling : results from the Swiss population-based study SAPALDIA
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 2743088
Author(s) Dratva, Julia; Caviezel, Seraina; Schaffner, Emmanuel; Zemp, Elisabeth; de Groot, Eric; Schmidt-Trucksäss, Arno; Bettschart, Robert; Saleh, Lanja; Turk, Alexander; Gaspoz, Jean-Michel; Carballo, David; Kuenzli, Nino; Probst-Hensch, Nicole
Author(s) at UniBasel Probst Hensch, Nicole
Künzli, Nino
Dratva, Julia
Schaffner, Emmanuel
Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth
Year 2014
Title Early detection of subjects at risk for vascular remodelling : results from the Swiss population-based study SAPALDIA
Journal Swiss Medical Weekly
Volume 144
Pages / Article-Number w14052
Keywords blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular risk scores, carotid intima media thickness, epidemiology, prevention
Abstract As the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) increases globally, its prevention and risk assessment becomes ever more important. We thus investigated the longitudinal association of the cardiovascular risk scores in the population-based cohort SAPALDIA with carotid intima media thickening (CIMT), an indicator of sub-clinical disease, and CVD incidence.; In 2,832 SAPALDIA participants, the Swiss and ESC heart risk score (AGLA, SCORE) were calculated based on 2001 data and CIMT was measured in 2010/11. We ran multi-level linear regression analyses between scores and CIMT, stratified for CVD status and gender, and logistic analyses for doctor-diagnosed CVD incidence. Path analyses investigated direct and indirect effects on CIMT.; AGLA and SCORE were positively associated with increasing CIMT in both healthy and CVD diagnosed subjects and men and women. Participants in highest risk categories showed a significant CIMT difference of <0.20 mm compared to the reference risk category (>1%), even larger in CVD healthy subjects and men. With increasing risk the odds of CVD incidence increased (Ref. >1%; 10 yr. risk AGLA <10% OR 2.1, <20% OR 3.7). Path analyses yield risk factors' direct and indirect effects through blood pressure.; The positive longitudinal association between risk estimations and CIMT confirms the use of risk scores in assessing individuals and populations at risk. Systolic blood pressure appears to be a main pathological mechanism, underscoring the importance of optimal blood pressure control and the importance of prevention strategies of risk factors, indirectly affecting CIMT through the haemodynamic pathway.
Publisher EMH Schweizerischer Arzteverlag
ISSN/ISBN 1424-7860 ; 1424-3997
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6319254
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.4414/smw.2014.14052
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25356963
ISI-Number WOS:000345007400004
Document type (ISI) Journal Article, Multicenter Study

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