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Sex, gender and respiratory health
Book Item (Buchkapitel, Lexikonartikel, jur. Kommentierung, Beiträge in Sammelbänden)
ID 2724114
Author(s) Zemp, E.; Hansen, S.; Schneider, C.; Dratva, J.
Author(s) at UniBasel Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth
Dratva, Julia
Schneider, Cornelia
Year 2014
Title Sex, gender and respiratory health
Editor(s) Annesi-Maesano, I; Lundbäck, B; Viegi, G
Book title European respiratory monograph
Volume Nr. 65
Publisher ERS Journals
Place of publication Sheffield
Pages S. 125-138
ISSN/ISBN 978-1-84984-053-8
Series title ERS monograph, no. 65
Abstract Research on the relationships between sex and gender and respiratory health suggests an impact on incidence, susceptibility and life-course pattern for respiratory diseases. This chapter reviews evidence of the impact of sex and gender on smoking, lung cancer, COPD and asthma, and outlines the possible mechanisms underlying gender differences.Worldwide, reductions in age-standardised daily smoking rates have been reported since 1980 from 41.2% to 31.1% for men, and from 10.6% to 6.2% for women. Gender differences in smoking affect the rates of lung cancer and COPD, which are on the increase worldwide, varying considerably across regions and countries. Sex ratios of asthma rates are more homogenous (around 1.2 to 1.5), but exhibit a characteristic lifetime pattern.Considerable gender differences are reported for smoking, lung cancer, COPD and asthma. To improve the quality and effectiveness of healthcare by gender sensitive approaches, we need unbiased comparisons of men and women and insights into the mechanisms involved in producing sex and gender differences.
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1183/2312508X.10013313
ISI-number WOS:000353591000012

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