Association of ambient air pollution with the prevalence and incidence of COPD
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 2713860
Author(s) Schikowski, Tamara; Adam, Martin; Marcon, Alessandro; Cai, Yutong; Vierkötter, Andrea; Carsin, Anne Elie; Jacquemin, Benedicte; Al Kanani, Zaina; Beelen, Rob; Birk, Matthias; Bridevaux, Pierre-Olivier; Brunekeef, Bert; Burney, Peter; Cirach, Marta; Cyrys, Josef; De Hoogh, Kees; De Marco, Roberto; De Nazelle, Audrey; Declercq, Christophe; Forsberg, Bertil; Hardy, Rebecca; Heinrich, Joachim; Hoek, Gerard; Jarvis, Debbie; Keidel, Dirk; Kuh, Diane; Kuhlbusch, Thomas; Migliore, Enrica; Mosler, Gioia; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.; Phuleria, Harish; Rochat, Thierry; Schindler, Christian; Villani, Simona; Tsai, Ming-Yi; Zemp, Elisabeth; Hansell, Anna; Kauffmann, Francine; Sunyer, Jordi; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Krämer, Ursula; Künzli, Nino
Author(s) at UniBasel Schikowski, Tamara
Adam, Martin
Schindler, Christian
Tsai, Ming-Yi
Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth
Künzli, Nino
Year 2014
Title Association of ambient air pollution with the prevalence and incidence of COPD
Journal The European respiratory journal
Volume 44
Number 3
Pages / Article-Number 614-26
Abstract The role of air pollution in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains uncertain. The aim was to assess the impact of chronic exposure to air pollution on COPD in four cohorts using the standardised ESCAPE exposure estimates. Annual average particulate matter (PM), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and road traffic exposure were assigned to home addresses using land-use regression models. COPD was defined by NHANES reference equation (forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) less than the lower limit of normal) and the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease criterion (FEV1/FVC >0.70) and categorised by severity in non-asthmatics. We included 6550 subjects with assigned NOx and 3692 with PM measures. COPD was not associated with NO2 or PM10 in any individual cohort. In meta-analyses only NO2, NOx, PM10 and the traffic indicators were positively, although not significantly, associated with COPD. The only statistically significant associations were seen in females (COPD prevalence using GOLD: OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.11-2.23; and incidence: OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.21-2.68). None of the principal results were statistically significant, the weak positive associations of exposure with COPD and the significant subgroup findings need to be evaluated in further well standardised cohorts followed up for longer time, and with time-matched exposure assignments.
Publisher Munksgaard
ISSN/ISBN 0903-1936
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6298954
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1183/09031936.00132213
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24488569
ISI-Number WOS:000341339000014
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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