Assessing corporate project impacts in changeable contexts : a human rights perspective
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 2570847
Author(s) Salcito, Kendyl; Singer, Burton H.; Krieger, Gary R.; Weiss, Mitchell G.; Wielga, Mark; Utzinger, Juerg
Author(s) at UniBasel Weiss, Mitchell G.
Utzinger, Jürg
Year 2014
Title Assessing corporate project impacts in changeable contexts : a human rights perspective
Journal Environmental impact assessment review
Volume 47
Pages / Article-Number 36-46
Keywords Corporate development project, Human rights impact assessment, Cumulative impact assessment, Confounders, Longitudinal study, Malawi
Abstract Project-level impact assessment was originally conceived as a snapshot taken in advance of project implementation, contrasting current conditions with a likely future scenario involving a variety of predicted impacts. Current best practice guidance has encouraged a shift towards longitudinal assessments from the pre-project stage through the implementation and operating phases. Experience and study show, however, that assessment of infrastructure-intensive projects rarely endures past the project's construction phase. Negative consequences for environmental, social and health outcomes have been documented. Such consequences clarify the pressing need for longitudinal assessment in each of these domains, with human rights impact assessment (HRIA) as an umbrella over, and critical augmentation of, environmental, social and health assessments. Project impacts on human rights are more closely linked to political, economic and other factors beyond immediate effects of a company's policy and action throughout the project lifecycle. Delineating these processes requires an adequate framework, with strategies for collecting longitudinal data, protocols that provide core information for impact assessment and guidance for adaptive mitigation strategies as project-related effects change overtime. This article presents general principles for the design and implementation of sustained, longitudinal HRIA, based on experience assessing and responding to human rights impact in a uranium mining project in Malawi. The case study demonstrates the value of longitudinal assessment both for limiting corporate risk and improving human welfare. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 0195-9255
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.eiar.2014.03.004
ISI-Number WOS:000336829200004
Document type (ISI) Article

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