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Adolescents with greater mental toughness show higher sleep efficiency, more deep sleep and fewer awakenings after sleep onset
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 2239736
Author(s) Brand, Serge; Gerber, Markus; Kalak, Nadeem; Kirov, Roumen; Lemola, Sakari; Clough, Peter J; Pühse, Uwe; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Author(s) at UniBasel Brand, Serge
Pühse, Uwe
Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Lemola, Sakari
Gerber, Markus
Year 2014
Title Adolescents with greater mental toughness show higher sleep efficiency, more deep sleep and fewer awakenings after sleep onset
Journal Journal of adolescent health
Volume 54
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 109-13
Keywords Mental toughness, Sleep electroencephalogram, Sleep efficiency, Deep sleep
Abstract Purpose: Mental toughness (MT) is understood as the display of confidence, commitment, challenge, and control. Mental toughness is associated with resilience against stress. However, research has not yet focused on the relation between MT and objective sleep. The aim of the present study was therefore to explore the extent to which greater MT is associated with objectively assessed sleep among adolescents.Methods: A total of 92 adolescents (35% females; mean age, 18.92 years) completed the Mental Toughness Questionnaire. Participants were split into groups of high and low mental toughness. Objective sleep was recorded via sleep electroencephalograms and subjective sleep was assessed via a questionnaire.Results: Compared with participants with low MT, participants with high MT had higher sleep efficiency, a lower number of awakenings after sleep onset, less light sleep, and more deep sleep. They also reported lower daytime sleepiness.Conclusions: Adolescents reporting higher MT also had objectively better sleep, as recorded via sleep electroencephalograms. A bidirectional association between MT and sleep seems likely; therefore, among adolescence, improving sleep should increase MT, and improving MT should increase sleep. (C) 2014 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 1054-139X
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.07.017
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000329062400017
Document type (ISI) Article

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