Assessing human rights impacts in corporate development projects
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 2067374
Author(s) Salcito, Kendyl; Utzinger, Juerg; Weiss, Mitchell G.; Muench, Anna K.; Singer, Burton H.; Krieger, Gary R.; Wielga, Mark
Author(s) at UniBasel Utzinger, Jürg
Weiss, Mitchell G.
Winkler, Mirko
Year 2013
Title Assessing human rights impacts in corporate development projects
Journal Environmental impact assessment review
Volume 42
Pages / Article-Number 39-50
Keywords Human rights impact assessment, Corporate development project, Developing country, Malawi, Tanzania
Abstract Human rights impact assessment (HRIA) is a process for systematically identifying, predicting and responding to the potential impact on human rights of a business operation, capital project, government policy or trade agreement. Traditionally, it has been conducted as a desktop exercise to predict the effects of trade agreements and government policies on individuals and communities. In line with a growing call for multinational corporations to ensure they do not violate human rights in their activities, HRIA is increasingly incorporated into the standard suite of corporate development project impact assessments. In this context, the policy world's non-structured, desk-based approaches to HRIA are insufficient. Although a number of corporations have commissioned and conducted HRIA, no broadly accepted and validated assessment tool is currently available. The lack of standardisation has complicated efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of HRIA as a risk mitigation tool, and has caused confusion in the corporate world regarding company duties. Hence, clarification is needed. The objectives of this paper are (i) to describe an HRIA methodology, (ii) to provide a rationale for its components and design, and (iii) to illustrate implementation of HRIA using the methodology in two selected corporate development projects-a uranium mine in Malawi and a tree farm in Tanzania. We found that as a prognostic tool, HRIA could examine potential positive and negative human rights impacts and provide effective recommendations for mitigation. However, longer-term monitoring revealed that recommendations were unevenly implemented, dependent on market conditions and personnel movements. This instability in the approach to human rights suggests a need for on-going monitoring and surveillance. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 0195-9255
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.eiar.2013.03.002
ISI-Number WOS:000321023300006
Document type (ISI) Article

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