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Comparison of performance of land use regression models derived for Catalunya, Spain
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 2047275
Author(s) de Nazelle, A.; Aguilera, I.; Nieuwenhuijsen, M.; Beelen, R.; Cirach, M.; Hoek, G.; de Hoogh, K.; Sunyer, J.; Targa, J.; Brunekreef, B.; Künzli, N.; Basagaña, X.
Author(s) at UniBasel Künzli, Nino
Year 2013
Title Comparison of performance of land use regression models derived for Catalunya, Spain
Journal Atmospheric environment
Volume 77
Pages / Article-Number 598-606
Keywords Land use regression, NO2, Performance, Residential exposure
Abstract Land use regression (LUR) models have become a popular tool to capture small-scale variations in air pollution exposures in epidemiological analyses, and have been developed with a variety of approaches with no clear indication of the most efficient and appropriate one. We evaluated the performance of the LUR model for NO2 developed for the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE) for Catalunya, Spain, compared to two other LUR models derived locally and independently for two cohort studies (INMA-Sabadell and REGICOR-Girona) in different sub-areas of the ESCAPE domain. We made use of sampling campaigns from the three studies as independent sets of measurements by which to evaluate each model. We compared changes in R-2 and measures of bias when applying each model to its own dataset vs. the independent datasets from the other studies. The three studies differed principally in their scale of analysis (from urban area only for INMA-Sabadell to large province covering urban and rural areas for ESCAPE-Catalunya and REGICOR-Girona) and sampling protocol (e.g. site selection). The LUR models performed similarly well in terms of their model adjusted R-2 and cross-validation R-2, ranging respectively from 0.62 and 0.63 to 0.75 and 0.73. The ESCAPE model performed well at the ESCAPE sites in Sabadell (R-2 = 0.69) and moderately well at the ESCAPE sites in Girona province (R-2 = 0.53). The ESCAPE model predicted the external sites less well: R-2 were 0.51 and 0.36 in Sabadell and Girona province. The INMA-Sabadell and REGICOR-Girona models showed a similar pattern: the R-2 for the INMA model dropped from 0.69 to 0.50 at INMA versus ESCAPE sites in Sabadell, while the R-2 for the REGICOR model dropped from 0.63 to 0.44 for REGICOR versus ESCAPE sites in Girona province. The drop in performance for external sites is likely a combination of overfitting and differences in the sampling campaigns (years, site selection). Agreement between models was 53%-74% for the classification of low, medium, and high levels of air pollution predicted at cohort addresses. Despite the drop in performance, the three models still explained a substantial fraction of the variation at independent sites, especially in Sabadell, supporting their use in epidemiological studies. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher Pergamon
ISSN/ISBN 1352-2310
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.05.054
ISI-Number WOS:000324848500063
Document type (ISI) Article

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