A question module for assessing community stigma towards hiv in rural India
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 1766630
Author(s) Vlassoff, Carol; Weiss, Mitchell G; Rao, Shobha
Author(s) at UniBasel Weiss, Mitchell G.
Year 2013
Title A question module for assessing community stigma towards hiv in rural India
Journal Journal of biosocial science
Volume 45
Number 3
Pages / Article-Number 359-74

Summary This paper describes a simple question module to assess community stigma in rural India. Fear of stigma is known to prevent people from seeking HIV testing and to contribute to further disease transmission, yet relatively little attention has been paid to community stigma and ways of measuring it. The module, based on a vignette of a fictional HIV-positive woman, was administered to 494 married women and 186 unmarried male and female adolescents in a village in rural Maharashtra, India. To consider the usefulness of the question module, a series of hypotheses were developed based on the correlations found in other studies between HIV-related stigma and socio-demographic characteristics (age, education, discussion of HIV with others, knowing someone living with HIV, knowledge about its transmission and whether respondents acknowledged stigmatizing attitudes as their own or attributed them to others). Many of the study's hypotheses were confirmed. Among married women, correlates of stigma included older age, lack of discussion of HIV and lack of knowledge about transmission; among adolescents, lower education and lack of discussion of HIV were the most significant correlates. The paper concludes that the question module is a useful tool for investigating the impact of interventions to reduce stigma and augment social support for people living with HIV in rural India.

Publisher Cambridge University Press
ISSN/ISBN 1469-7599
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6124552
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1017/S0021932012000697
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23098052
ISI-Number WOS:000316815300005
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

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