A matter of vertical position : consequences of ostracism differ for those above versus below its perpetrators
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 1724707
Author(s) Schoel, C.; Eck, J.; Greifeneder, R.
Author(s) at UniBasel Greifeneder, Rainer
Year 2014
Title A matter of vertical position : consequences of ostracism differ for those above versus below its perpetrators
Journal Social psychological and personality science
Volume 5
Number 2
Pages / Article-Number 149-157
Keywords social exclusion, power, embodiment, aggression
Abstract Vertical position in space has been linked to perceptions of power, and high-power individuals have been shown to be less influenced by both the situational context and other people. Building on this literature, we hypothesized that a high spatial position as compared with a low one would reduce the threat from social exclusion and might help prevent aggressive acts of retaliation. To investigate this hypothesis, two arrangements of 'Cyberball''-a classic manipulation of social exclusion-were compared: In the standard arrangement, participants are positioned below the excluding players; for the new arrangement, the standard arrangement was vertically flipped, so that participants were positioned above the excluding players, and thus "aloof'' from the situation. Results show that only individuals positioned below (implying low power), but not individuals positioned above (implying high power), exhibited increased aggression when being ostracized. Threatened need for control and negative mood mediated the tendency toward aggressive behavior.
Publisher Sage
ISSN/ISBN 1948-5506
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6124439
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1177/1948550613488953
ISI-Number WOS:000336437600003
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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