Appropriate management of special situations in Crohn's disease (upper gastro-intestinal; extra-intestinal manifestations; drug safety during pregnancy and breastfeeding) : results of a multidisciplinary international expert panel--EPACT II
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 1197867
Author(s) Mottet, Christian; Vader, John-Paul; Felley, Christian; Froehlich, Florian; Gonvers, Jean-Jacques; Juillerat, Pascal; Stockbrügger, Reinhold; Angelucci, Erika; Seibold, Frank; Michetti, Pierre; Pittet, Valérie; EPACT II Study Group
Author(s) at UniBasel Froehlich, Florian
Year 2009
Title Appropriate management of special situations in Crohn's disease (upper gastro-intestinal; extra-intestinal manifestations; drug safety during pregnancy and breastfeeding) : results of a multidisciplinary international expert panel--EPACT II
Journal Journal of Crohn's and Colitis
Volume 3
Number 4
Pages / Article-Number 257-63
Keywords Crohn's disease, Pregnancy, Breastfeeding, Upper gastro-intestinal CD, Extra-intestinal manifestations, Appropriateness, RAND Appropriateness Method
Abstract Introduction: High-grade evidence is lacking for most therapeutic decisions in Crohn's disease. Appropriateness criteria were developed for upper gastro-intestinal, extra-intestinal manifestations and drug safety during conception, pregnancy and breastfeeding in patients with Crohn's disease, to assist the physician in clinical decision making.Methods: The European Panel on the Appropriateness of Crohn's Disease Therapy (EPACT II), a multidisciplinary international European expert panel, rated clinical scenarios based on evidence from the published literature and panelists' own clinical expertise. Median ratings (on a 9-point scale) were stratified into three categories: appropriate (7-9), uncertain (4-6 with or without disagreement) and inappropriate (1-3). Experts were also asked to rank appropriate medications by priority.Results: Proton pump inhibitors, steroids, azathioprine/6-mercaptopurine and infliximab are appropriate for upper gastro-duodenal Crohn's disease; for stenosis, endoscopic balloon dilation is the first-tine therapy, although surgery is also appropriate. Ursodeoxycholic acid is the only appropriate treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis. Infliximab is appropriate for Pyoderma gangrenosum, ankylosing spondylitis and uveitis, steroids for Pyoderma gangrenosum and ankylosing spondylitis, adalimumab for Pyoderma gangrenosum and ankylosing spondylitis, cyclosporine-A/tacrolimus for Pyoderma gangrenosum. Mesalamine, sulfasalazine, prednisone, azathioprine/6-mercaptopurine, ciprofloxacin, and probiotics, may be administered safety during pregnancy or for patients wishing to conceive, with the exception that mate patients considering conception should avoid sulfasalazine. Metronidazol is considered safe in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters whereas infliximab is rated safe in the 1st trimester but uncertain in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Methotrexate is always contraindicated at conception, during pregnancy or during breastfeeding, due to its known teratogenicity. Mesalamine, prednisone, probiotics and infliximab are considered safe during breastfeeding.Conclusion: EPACT II recommendations are freely available online (www.epact.ch). The validity of these criteria should now be tested by prospective evaluation. (C) 2009 European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 1873-9946
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6008018
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.crohns.2009.03.008
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21172284
ISI-Number WOS:000272826900006
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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