Aplastic anemia : first-line treatment by immunosuppression and sibling marrow transplantation
Hematology : American Society of Hematology education program book
Newly diagnosed aplastic anemia is a serious condition, with more than 75% (higher in young patients) becoming long-term survivors if diagnosed and treated appropriately. First-line treatment approaches include immunosuppressive treatment using the combination of antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine A for patients without a sibling donor and HLA identical sibling transplant for patients younger than age 40 with a donor. Best transplant strategies have been defined and include conditioning with cyclophosphamide and antithymocyte globulin, marrow as a stem cell source, and graft-versus-host diease prophylaxis using cyclosporine A and methotrexate. It is against these standard treatment approaches that any therapeutic progress has to be measured.