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High exercise levels are related to favorable sleep patterns and psychological funtioning in adolescents : a comparison of athletes and controls
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 104394
Author(s) Brand, Serge; Gerber, Markus; Beck, Johannes; Hatzinger, Martin; Pühse, Uwe; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Author(s) at UniBasel Hatzinger, Martin
Brand, Serge
Beck, Johannes
Pühse, Uwe
Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Gerber, Markus
Year 2010
Title High exercise levels are related to favorable sleep patterns and psychological funtioning in adolescents : a comparison of athletes and controls
Journal Journal of adolescent health
Volume 46
Number 2
Pages / Article-Number 133-41
Keywords Adolescence, Sleep pattern, Psychological functioning, Vigorous exercising, Physical activity, Personality, Gender
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate whether chronic vigorous exercising is related to improved sleep and psychological functioning, and whether this association varies with gender. Both lay and scientific opinions hold that physical activity is an efficient remedy and preventative measure for poor sleep. However, empirical evidence on adolescents is very limited. METHODS: A total of 434 adolescents (258 athletes, 176 controls; mean age 17.2 years) took part in the study. Weekly hours spent exercising were 17.69 hours and 4.69 hours, respectively. To assess sleep patterns and psychological functioning, participants completed a sleep log for 7 consecutive days and several self-rating questionnaires. RESULTS: Compared with controls, athletes reported better sleep patterns including higher sleep quality, shortened sleep onset latency, and fewer awakenings after sleep onset, as well as less tiredness and increased concentration during the day. Athletes reported significantly lower anxiety and fewer depressive symptoms. Compared with males, females reported fewer variations in sleep. Male controls had particularly unfavorable scores related to sleep and psychological functioning. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that chronic vigorous exercising is positively related to adolescents' sleep and psychological functioning. Results also indicate that males with low exercise levels are at risk for increased sleep complaints and poorer psychological functioning.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 1054-139X
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253144
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.06.018
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20113919
ISI-Number WOS:000273983400006
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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