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The Perils of Saving Strangers: Darfur and the Politics of the Responsibility to Protect
Project funded by own resources
Project title The Perils of Saving Strangers: Darfur and the Politics of the Responsibility to Protect
Principal Investigator(s) Goetschel, Laurent
Péclard, Didier
Project Members Lanz, David Johannes
Organisation / Research unit Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften / Politikwissenschaft (Goetschel),
swisspeace foundation / Peace Research (Goetschel),
swisspeace foundation / Statehood and Conflict (Péclard)
Project start 01.02.2009
Probable end 31.12.2012
Status Completed
Abstract

The proposed research aims to contribute to a better understanding of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) – the belief that states have obligations to protect their citizens from mass atrocities, and if they are unwilling or unable, the international community should intervene to ensure protection, if necessary with military force. While there is ample research on the legal, political, and practical dilemmas of the R2P, and the related concept of humanitarian intervention, little is known about its effects on politics in conflict countries. In the absence of a full-fledged military intervention, the key to realizing the R2P is its ability to influence governments and insurgent groups. This leads to the following research question: How does the R2P affect the behaviour of domestic political actors in areas of conflict?

There is no clear-cut theoretical framework to answer this question and thus the purpose of the proposed study is exploratory: based on an inductive analysis, it aims to develop theoretical propositions on which future studies can elaborate. Nevertheless, the proposed study draws on existing research, in particular studies of norm diffusion in world politics. It thus conceptualizes the R2P as a norm – defined as collective expectations about proper behaviour in world politics. And it employs a generic framework, inspired from constructivist research on international human rights norms, to identify three processes through which the R2P norm produces effects in the real world: the mobilization of norm entrepreneurs; the response of states and international organizations; and the reaction of domestic groups.

The proposed study examines an unquantifiable phenomenon that constitutes a multi-causal path. It thus opts for a qualitative methodology in the form of the case study method – the intensive analysis of one case with the aim of making inferences about a larger set of cases. The population is given by cases of mass atrocities since 2001 when the R2P doctrine was formulated. The proposed research thus chooses the conflict in Darfur and distinguishes two case studies within the same unit of analysis. One analyzes the international response to the Darfur conflict from 2002 to 2004, when a vocal advocacy movement emerged, while the other case study focuses on the period from 2004 to 2009. Various data collection tools will be employed, including key informant and expert interviews as well as discourse analysis.

Keywords International norms, humanitarian intervention, responsibility to protect, peacebuilding, peacemaking, Africa, Sudan, Darfur
Financed by Other funds

Published results ()

  ID Autor(en) Titel ISSN / ISBN Erschienen in Art der Publikation
108649  Lanz, David  Subversion or reinvention? : dilemmas and debates in the context of UNHCR's increasing involvement with IDPs  0951-6328  Journal of refugee studies  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
139208  Mason, Simon; Lanz, David  Mehrwert oder Leerlauf? : der "Whole of Government"-Ansatz der Schweiz in Sudan    Bulletin 2009 zur schweizerischen Sicherheitspolitik  Publication: Book Item (Buchkap., Lexikonartikel, jur. Kommentierung, Beiträge in Sammelbänden etc.) 
139216  Lanz, David  Complicating Darfur : review of de Waal, Alex (ed.) 2007: War in Darfur and the Search for Peace    The Fletcher forum of world affairs  JournalItem (Kommentare, Editorials, Rezensionen, Urteilsanmerk., etc. in einer wissensch. Zeitschr. 
139226  Lanz, David  Involving IDPs in the Darfur peace process    Forced Migration Review  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
139239  Lanz, David  Conflict management and opportunity cost: the international response to the Darfur crisis      Publication: Discussion paper / Internet publication 
139244  Lanz, David  Northern Uganda, Juba Talks      Publication: ConferencePaper (Artikel, die in Tagungsbänden erschienen sind) 
139255  Lanz, David  Sudan/Darfur, Abuja Negotiations and the DPA      Publication: ConferencePaper (Artikel, die in Tagungsbänden erschienen sind) 
139262  Lanz, David  Gerechtigkeit oder Frieden      Publication: NewsItemPrint (Artikel in einer Tages, Wochen- oder Monatszeitschrift) 
139275  Lanz, David  Vom linken Projekt zur gängigen Praxis : viele Methoden der zivilen Friedensförderung sind heute weithin akzeptiert      Publication: NewsItemPrint (Artikel in einer Tages, Wochen- oder Monatszeitschrift) 
139280  Giroux, Jennifer; Lanz, David; Sguaitamatti, Damiano  The Tormented triangle: The regionalisation of conflict in Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic      Publication: Discussion paper / Internet publication 
140379  Lanz, David  Save Darfur : a movement and its discontents  0001-9909  African Affairs  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
141391  Lanz, David  Of lions and mice in Darfur : [Rezension von] The scramble for Africa: Darfur-intervention and the USA, von Steven Fake and Kevin Funk : 2009      Publication: Discussion paper / Internet publication 
   

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30/05/2024