Making Peace, Constructing States. Peace agreements and the dynamics of statehood in post-conflict Africa
Project funded by own resources
Project title Making Peace, Constructing States. Peace agreements and the dynamics of statehood in post-conflict Africa
Principal Investigator(s) Goetschel, Laurent
Péclard, Didier
Project Members Lanz, David Johannes
Rubli, Sandra
Organisation / Research unit Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften / Politikwissenschaft (Goetschel),
swisspeace foundation / Peace Research (Goetschel),
swisspeace foundation / Statehood and Conflict (Péclard)
Project start 01.01.2009
Probable end 31.12.2012
Status Completed
Abstract

Since the end of the Cold War, there has been an upsurge of conflicts throughout Africa, especially in the 1990s. They rarely ended with the clear victory of one party over the other, but rather through negotiated peace settlements. Most of these conflicts were not interstate but inner-state conflicts and their causes were deeply rooted in the respective societies. With the UN Agenda for Peace (1992) post-conflict reconstruction has become a major element of national and international policies on the continent. One of the problems is that much of this reconstruction process rests on the false assumption that that developing countries which emerge from war are like a “blank slate” (Christopher Cramer) upon which a neo-liberal vision of the State can be built.

Against this “blank slate” vision, which is often linked with a very ‘technicist’ approach to peace making and peace-building, this module argues that peace is not just the end of a ‘moment’ in a country’s history (war, or violent conflict) and the beginning of a new era of ‘post-conflict’ which would mark a clear rupture with the past. On the contrary, it builds on the assumption and will show that the achievement of peace is but a step in a long historical and political process, and that conflict, war and peace are all part of the historical dynamics of state construction and formation – in Africa and elsewhere.

For this, the module looks at two crucial elements of peace process and peace agreements, whose implications on state-building in post-conflict-phases is largely under-researched: Firstly, it considers the way in which past memories of (social, political, cultural, ethnic) divisions that were at the origins of violent conflict have been – or not been – integrated into the peace process. In other words, this first part of the module looks at how the issue of dealing wit the past was treated in the peace agreements, with examples drawn from Burundi and Sierra Leone. processes in the two countries.

Secondly, it deals with various forms of mediation in peace processes and their consequences on following power-sharing agreements and the functioning of society. By examining the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion that prevail in peace processes, the module will shed new light on the links between the actual peace negotiations and the dynamics of power sharing as well as the institutionalisation of power relations in a post-conflict setting. Thereby it builds on the assumption that efficiency in mediation does not necessarily correlate with sustainable ways of structuring a “post-conflict society”.

Keywords peacebuilding, statehood, dealing with the past, mediation, international norms and ideas
Financed by University funds
Other funds

Published results ()

  ID Autor(en) Titel ISSN / ISBN Erschienen in Art der Publikation
108649  Lanz, David  Subversion or reinvention? : dilemmas and debates in the context of UNHCR's increasing involvement with IDPs  0951-6328  Journal of refugee studies  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
139208  Mason, Simon; Lanz, David  Mehrwert oder Leerlauf? : der "Whole of Government"-Ansatz der Schweiz in Sudan    Bulletin 2009 zur schweizerischen Sicherheitspolitik  Publication: Book Item (Buchkap., Lexikonartikel, jur. Kommentierung, Beiträge in Sammelbänden etc.) 
139216  Lanz, David  Complicating Darfur : review of de Waal, Alex (ed.) 2007: War in Darfur and the Search for Peace    The Fletcher forum of world affairs  JournalItem (Kommentare, Editorials, Rezensionen, Urteilsanmerk., etc. in einer wissensch. Zeitschr. 
139226  Lanz, David  Involving IDPs in the Darfur peace process    Forced Migration Review  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
139239  Lanz, David  Conflict management and opportunity cost: the international response to the Darfur crisis      Publication: Discussion paper / Internet publication 
139244  Lanz, David  Northern Uganda, Juba Talks      Publication: ConferencePaper (Artikel, die in Tagungsbänden erschienen sind) 
139255  Lanz, David  Sudan/Darfur, Abuja Negotiations and the DPA      Publication: ConferencePaper (Artikel, die in Tagungsbänden erschienen sind) 
139262  Lanz, David  Gerechtigkeit oder Frieden      Publication: NewsItemPrint (Artikel in einer Tages, Wochen- oder Monatszeitschrift) 
139275  Lanz, David  Vom linken Projekt zur gängigen Praxis : viele Methoden der zivilen Friedensförderung sind heute weithin akzeptiert      Publication: NewsItemPrint (Artikel in einer Tages, Wochen- oder Monatszeitschrift) 
139280  Giroux, Jennifer; Lanz, David; Sguaitamatti, Damiano  The Tormented triangle: The regionalisation of conflict in Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic      Publication: Discussion paper / Internet publication 
140379  Lanz, David  Save Darfur : a movement and its discontents  0001-9909  African Affairs  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
141391  Lanz, David  Of lions and mice in Darfur : [Rezension von] The scramble for Africa: Darfur-intervention and the USA, von Steven Fake and Kevin Funk : 2009      Publication: Discussion paper / Internet publication 

Cooperations ()

  ID Kreditinhaber Kooperationspartner Institution Laufzeit - von Laufzeit - bis
103696  Goetschel, Laurent  Hurni, Hans, Director  CDE, University of Bern  01.01.2009  31.12.2013 
103697  Goetschel, Laurent  Müller-Boeker, Ulrike  Institute of Geography, University of Zurich  01.01.2009  31.12.2013 
   

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