The interrelation between premenstrual syndrome and major depression : results from a population-based sample
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 1023094
Author(s) Forrester-Knauss, Christine; Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth; Weiss, Carine; Tschudin, Sibil
Author(s) at UniBasel Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth
Year 2011
Title The interrelation between premenstrual syndrome and major depression : results from a population-based sample
Journal BMC public health
Volume 11
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 795
Keywords Premenstrual syndrome, major depression
Abstract ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Research about the relationship between premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and major depression is limited. This study examined the relationship between moderate to severe PMS and major depression in a population-based sample of women of reproductive age. The objectives of the study were to assess the association between premenstrual syndrome and major depression, to analyse how PMS and major depression differ and to characterise the group of women who report both PMS and major depression. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Swiss Health Survey 2007. Included in the analysis was data from women under the age of 55 without hysterectomy and who answered the questions on PMS symptoms. The population-based sample consisted of 3518 women. Weighted prevalence rates were calculated and relative risk ratios for PMS, major depression and women who reported both PMS and major depression, were calculated with logistic multinominal logit regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depression was 11.3% in women screening positive for moderate PMS and 24.6% in women screening positive for severe PMS. Compared to women without any of these conditions, women who reported moderate to severe alcohol consumption had a lower risk for PMS. Women reporting use of antidepressants, and use of oral contraceptives had a higher risk for major depression compared to women without any of these conditions. Women reporting work dissatisfaction had a higher risk for PMS. A higher relative risk to report both PMS and major depression compared to women without PMS or major depression was related to factors such as high psychological distress, low mastery, psychotropic drug consumption, and low self-rated health. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggested that women who suffer from both PMS and major depression are more impaired compared to women with only one disorder. The results further indicated that PMS and major depression are different disorders that can, however, co-occur
Publisher BioMed Central
ISSN/ISBN 1471-2458
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6002374
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-11-795
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21992230
ISI-Number WOS:000296795100001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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