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An official American Thoracic Society public policy statement: Novel risk factors and the global burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 1022816
Author(s) Eisner, M. D.; Anthonisen, N.; Coultas, D.; Künzli, N.; Perez-Padilla R.,; Postma, D.; Romieu, I.; Silverman, E. K.; Balmes, J. R.
Author(s) at UniBasel Künzli, Nino
Year 2010
Title An official American Thoracic Society public policy statement: Novel risk factors and the global burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Journal American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume 182
Number 5
Pages / Article-Number 693-718
Keywords pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive, pulmonary emphysema, chronic bronchitis, respiratory function tests, genetics, diet, asthma, air pollution, air pollution, indoor, tobacco smoke pollution, biomass, occupational exposure, occupational diseases, diet, nutritional status, tuberculosis
Abstract RATIONALE: Although cigarette smoking is the most important cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a substantial proportion of COPD cases cannot be explained by smoking alone. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk factors for COPD besides personal cigarette smoking. METHODS: We constituted an ad hoc subcommittee of the American Thoracic Society Environmental and Occupational Health Assembly. An international group of members was invited, based on their scientific expertise in a specific risk factor for COPD. For each risk factor area, the committee reviewed the literature, summarized the evidence, and developed conclusions about the likelihood of it causing COPD. All conclusions were based on unanimous consensus. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The population-attributable fraction for smoking as a cause of COPD ranged from 9.7 to 97.9%, but was less than 80% in most studies, indicating a substantial burden of disease attributable to nonsmoking risk factors. On the basis of our review, we concluded that specific genetic syndromes and occupational exposures were causally related to the development of COPD. Traffic and other outdoor pollution, secondhand smoke, biomass smoke, and dietary factors are associated with COPD, but sufficient criteria for causation were not met. Chronic asthma and tuberculosis are associated with irreversible loss of lung function, but there remains uncertainty about whether there are important phenotypic differences compared with COPD as it is typically encountered in clinical settings. CONCLUSIONS: In public health terms, a substantive burden of COPD is attributable to risk factors other than smoking. To prevent COPD-related disability and mortality, efforts must focus on prevention and cessation of exposure to smoking and these other, less well-recognized risk factors
Publisher American Thoracic Society
ISSN/ISBN 0003-0805
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1164/rccm.200811-1757ST
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000281492000015
Document type (ISI) Article

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